Organization Structure and Management Practice Related Factors Causing Employee Turnover: An Empirical Study Among Nurses

Abstract views: 554 / PDF downloads: 318


  • Durairaj Rajan University of Africa



Organization structure, management practice, employee turnover, nurse, multi-speciality hospital, Tirunelveli city


This empirical, quantitative and survey based descriptive research has been undertaken in Tirunelveli city of Tamil Nadu, India, with the objectives of identifying perception of the nursing employees towards organization structure and management practice related factors causing employee turnover among them.  The study has sampled 80 nursing employees using both convenience and judgement sampling techniques and collected primary data from them with the help of structured questionnaire constructed by own observation and experience of the researcher in the field of hospital administration along with the support of literatures.  The secondary data have been collected from books, journals, dissertation and conference proceedings. Percentage method has been administered to analyze the data.  The analysis of the study proved that majority of the respondents have strongly agreed that the factors: complex and unclear organization structure; domination and control by other departments; lack of opportunity to participate at departmental or organizational level decision making and training programmes; changes made in policy and work processes at frequent intervals, and not communicating it in a proper way; autocratic leadership style with lack of motivation and communication; lack of respect; and inadequate salary and discrimination in compensation system cause employee turnover among the nursing employees.


Ahmed Z, Sabir S, Khosa M, Ahmad I, Amjad Bilal M. (2016). Impact of employee turnover on organizational effectiveness in Tele communication sector of Pakistan. IOSR journal of business and management, 18(11), 88-96.

Bawa MA and Buhammad Jantan (2005). Human resource practices as determinants of employee Turnover: An empirical investigation. Asian Academy of Management Journal, 10(2), 69-80.

Benjamin OA, Femi, IM and Waheed, AM (2011). Perceived job insecurity, sex and age as predictors of turnover intentions among employees of merged banks. Asian journal of business and management sciences, 2(6), 69-79.

Bula HO (2012). Labour turnover in the sugar industry in Kenya. European journal of business and management, 4(9), 1-10.

Chen, Ying-Chang, Wang, Wen Cheng, Chu and Ying Chien (2010). Structural investigation of the relationship between working satisfaction and employee turnover. The journal of human resource and adult learning, 6(1), 41-50.

Choi Sang Long, Lee Yean Thean, Wan Khairuzzaman Wan Ismail and Ahmad Jusoh (2012). Leadership styles and employees turnover intention: exploratory study of academic staff in Malaysian college. World applied science journal, 19(4), 575-81.

Deepa E and Stella M (2012). Employee turnover in it industry with special reference to Chennai city – an exploratory study, Zenith international journal of multi-disciplinary research, 2(7), 1-18.

Kunu Etornam Kwame, Francois Mahama, Patience Ama Nyantakyiwaa Boahen, Mathias Kofi Worlanyo Denu (2017). The effect of employee turnover on the performance of Zoomlion Ghana limited. Journal of business and economic development, 2(2), 116-122.

Kwakye EO (2018). Organizational culture and employee turnover: Evidence from Ghana. Journal of economics, management and trade, 21(2), 1-11.

Rajan D (2013). Impact of nurses’ turnover on organization performance. Afro Asian journal of social sciences, 4(4.4), 1-18.

Rajan D (2014). Analysis of push and pull factors in turnover of nurses. Anveshak: international journal of management, 3(5), 26-40.

Rajan D and Chandrasekaran K (2013). Turnover among nurses in private hospitals. Asian journal of research in social sciences and humanities, 3(10), 25-36.

Rajan D (2019). Employee turnover among nurses: An empirical based comparative study among nurses. PRERANA: Journal of management thoughts, 11(1), 1-31.

Shaw JD, Delery JE, Jenkins GD and Gupta N (1998). An organization-level analysis of voluntary and involuntary turnover. The academy of management journal, 41(5), 511-525.

Sree Rekha KR and Kamalanabhan TJ (2013). A study on the employee turnover intention in ITES/BPO sector. Proceedings of the international conference-frontiers of management – Encore. Feb 2013, 9th Feb 2013 – Chennai, India. ISBN: 978-81-926045-0-3, pp 1-10.

Tariq MN Muhammad Ramzan and Aisha Riaz (2013). The impact of employee turnover on the performance of an organization. Interdisciplinary journal of contemporary research in business, 4(9), 1-12.

Taye D and Getnet B (2020). The impact of employee turnover organizational performance: A case study of Mada Walabu University, Bale Robe, Ethiopia. American journal of pure and applied biosciences, 2(3), 51-63.

Wagar TH and Rondeau KV (2006). Retaining employees in small and medium-sized firms: examining the link with human resource management. Journal of applied management and entrepreneurship, 11(2), 3-16.




How to Cite

Rajan, D. (2021). Organization Structure and Management Practice Related Factors Causing Employee Turnover: An Empirical Study Among Nurses. Eurasian Journal of Higher Education, (3), 36–65.