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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission must be in English. Except for common foreign words and phrases, the use of foreign words and phrases should be avoided.
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Title page should be supplied separately.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points
  • The author(s) represent that the manuscript is their original work, that they own the copyright to the work being submitted or are authorized by the copyright owner or owners to submit the article, and that permissions for reproducing any content have been obtained.
  • Each author is aware of the contents of the entire article and its submission status, and each author materially contributed to the creation of the paper.

Author Guidelines

Publication Fees

The Journal charges for manuscript processing and/or publishing materials. The publication of an article in the Journal incurs a charge of 150 £.

The total sum will be charged to the author(s) upon acceptance of his/her article.

Withdrawal of Manuscript

Withdrawal of a manuscript after peer review, or typeset (but not yet published) will be charged according to the following: 50 £.per article (after peer review) and 100 £. per article (after peer review and typesetting).

We rely on authors complying strictly with the guidelines below to facilitate copy-editing and ensuring high-quality publications.


  • Microsoft Word files is the strongly preferred.
  • The template can be downloaded.
  • The main text should
    • be single-spaced,
    • use the same 12 pt. Times New Roman font for Word throughout,
    • use a single column layout with left margin aligned,
    • have Vertical A4 page size,
    • have 4 cm top margin, 3 cm left and bottom margin and 2 cm right margin,
    • start on a new page with introduction.
    • Length of the main manuscript should not be more than 20 pages.
  • Paragraph margins:
    • use first 6 pt. and then 6 pt.,
    • paragraph indent and double enter not allowed.
  • Use the following document structure:
    • Title page, including Authors, Keywords, Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Subsequent sections and subsections that include tables, figures, and footnotes referenced in the text.
    • References
    • Supplementary material
  • The title:
    •  use Title Case, 14 pt., Bold and Centered
  • Author’s Name and Surname is Title Case, 12 pt., bold and Centered
  • Abstracts should include a summary of the main research findings.
  • Limit abstracts to no more than 300 words.
  • Subtitles:
    • use Sentence case, 12 pt. Bold, left aligned.
  • Citation in the main text:
    • use citation in brackets. Example: (Daft, 2007: 619).
  • Bibliography can be formatted as you like (APA is preferred), provided;
    • the formatting is consistent.
    • each citation begins with the last name of the first author.
    • where available, the entry in the references should list DOI and/or URL
    • at the end,
    • alphabetical,
    • with no number,
    • left aligned,
    • hanging by 1.25 cm,
    • 11 pt. font size.


  • We welcome submission of manuscripts from peer-reviewed conferences, which may have already appeared in proceedings.
  • Submissions will be reviewed according to our Reviewer Guidelines.
  • Please provide the ORCID ID for each author in the submission metadata.
  • Authors should suggest 4 potential reviewers. Reviewers will not know the author suggested them. Make sure that your suggestions are not current or recent colleagues of you or your co-authors.

Double blind review

The journal adheres to a 'double blind' review process and thus the identity of the authors should remain unknown.

  1. The authors of the document have deleted their names from the text, with "Author" and year used in the references and footnotes, instead of the authors' name, article title, etc.
  2. The cover letter and title page revealing the identity of the authors are uploaded separately..
  3. With Microsoft Office documents, author identification should also be removed from the properties for the file (see under File in Word), by clicking on the following, beginning with File on the main menu of the Microsoft application: File > Save As > Tools (or Options with a Mac) > Security > Remove personal information from file properties on save > Save.


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